In time of conflict, it’s often argued that there is no alternative to military action – but research shows that non-violent alternatives can be more effective.
Between 1900 and 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts.
Click on images to enlarge:
1. The % success rates and failure rates of 323 large nonviolent and violent resistance campaigns between 1900 and 2006 (adapted from Chenoweth with permission):
2: World Military Spending: $1747 billion a year. Most wars happen in poor countries – a tiny fraction of the military budget would provide food, education and health care for those who need it.
3. Countries with the highest military spending:
Images 2 and 3 courtesy Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: www.sipri.org
Sources (more references and links can be found in Peace Warriors)
A Force More Powerful by Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall
Sophie Scholl, The Woman Who Defied Hitler by Frank McDonough
We Will Not Cease by Archibald Baxter