The Evidence

In time of conflict, it’s often argued that there is no alternative to military action – but research shows that non-violent alternatives can be more effective.

Between 1900 and 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts.

Erica Chenoweth, Maria J Stephan (Why Civil Resistance Works)

Click on images to enlarge:

1. The % success rates and failure rates of 323 large nonviolent and violent resistance campaigns between 1900 and 2006 (adapted from Chenoweth with permission):

chart(Click images to enlarge)

2: World Military Spending: $1747 billion a year. Most wars happen in poor countries – a tiny fraction of the military budget would provide food, education and health care for those who need it.

World-military-expenditure-1988-2013 copyImage courtesy Stockholm International Peace Research Institute:

3.  Countries with the highest military spending:

The-share-of-world-military-expenditure-of-the-15-states-with-the-highest-expenditure-in-2013 copy

Images 2 and 3 courtesy Stockholm International Peace Research Institute:

Sources (more references and links can be found in Peace Warriors)


198 Methods of Nonviolent Action (Albert Einstein Institution) 

Nobel Peace Prize Winners


A Force More Powerful by Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall

Sophie Scholl, The Woman Who Defied Hitler by Frank McDonough

We Will Not Cease by Archibald Baxter