The Evidence

In time of conflict, it’s often argued that there is no alternative to military action – but research shows that non-violent alternatives can be more effective.

Between 1900 and 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts.

Erica Chenoweth, Maria J Stephan (Why Civil Resistance Works)

Click on images to enlarge:

1. The % success rates and failure rates of 323 large nonviolent and violent resistance campaigns between 1900 and 2006 (adapted from Chenoweth with permission):

chart(Click images to enlarge)

2: World Military Spending: $1747 billion a year. Most wars happen in poor countries – a tiny fraction of the military budget would provide food, education and health care for those who need it.

World-military-expenditure-1988-2013 copyImage courtesy Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: www.sipri.org

3.  Countries with the highest military spending:

The-share-of-world-military-expenditure-of-the-15-states-with-the-highest-expenditure-in-2013 copy

Images 2 and 3 courtesy Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: www.sipri.org

Sources (more references and links can be found in Peace Warriors)

Online

198 Methods of Nonviolent Action (Albert Einstein Institution) 

Nobel Peace Prize Winners

New Zealand Peace Makers (Lest We Forget)

Books

A Force More Powerful by Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall

Sophie Scholl, The Woman Who Defied Hitler by Frank McDonough

We Will Not Cease by Archibald Baxter